The Scottish Terrier is an intelligent and serious dog in its behavior, as well as capricious and stubborn. Another of its outstanding characteristics is that it is a true guard dog, intimidating because in spite of its size it has a fierce roar. It is considered both a companion dog and a show dog. A peculiar trait of this pet is that it likes to hunt rodents.

Images of Scottish Terrier

Scottish terrier dog
Scottish white terrier
Scottish terriers
Scottish terrier breed dog
Black scottish terrier

Characteristics of the Scottish Terrier




10 inches from floor to shoulder


Between 18 and 22 pounds

Life Expectancy

From 11 to 13 years

ypes of Scottish Terriers

There are the Long-legged Scottish Terriers and also the group of the Short-legged Scottish Terriers. The most common color of this breed is black, wheaten or brindle. Although less common, there is also the White Scottish Terrier.


Scottish Terriers adapt well to life in apartments or small spaces. Being a stubborn and somewhat difficult to handle dog, it is preferable for owners with experience in the care of these animals. They are very sensitive dogs that prefer company to solitude. They tolerate cold water well and to a lesser extent hot water.

Level of empathy

Terrier breed dogs in general are characterized by being very affectionate dogs, so they will get along well with the whole family, especially with children. They get along well with other dogs regardless of their breed. They are also friendly with strangers.


Although terriers are hairy dogs, they are not known for shedding hair all over the house. They are not known for barking, howling or drooling too much. They are small in size, so they will be good for walking but will not be good company if you intend to run in the mornings.

Health of the Scottish Terrier

Scottish Terriers are dogs that are generally in good health.

Among the diseases that Scottish Terriers may suffer from are:

  • Scotch Cramp: A common disorder in this breed of dog that is however considered harmless. Symptoms of Scotch cramp occur only when the dog is stressed or overstimulated, such as during exercise, mating or fighting. It is characterized by exhibiting an arching of the spine and excessive flexion of the hind legs. The front legs may move outward from side to side making their gait abnormal.
  • Von Willebrand’s disease: An inherited blood disorder that interferes with the blood’s ability to clot. The main symptom is excessive bleeding after injury or surgery. Other symptoms include nosebleeds, bleeding gums, or bleeding in the stomach or intestines.
  • Craniomandibular osteopathy: Affects several bones of the skull. As a puppy grows, the bones of the skull enlarge irregularly. Often, the puppy’s jaw and glands swell and he will not be able to open his mouth. He will drool, have a fluctuating fever every two weeks and, in some cases, the chewing muscles may atrophy.
  • Patellar luxation: This is a common problem in small dogs, including Scotties. Luxation refers to the dislocation of an anatomical part (such as a bone in a joint). In patellar luxation, the knee joint slips in and out of place, causing pain. This can be crippling.

Care and Precautions with the Scottish Terrier

The Scottish Terrier is an active dog so it is recommended that you take it for frequent walks.

Although it likes water, it cannot swim, due to its short limbs and heavy body, so you should be careful if your home has open pools or ponds.

Crate training benefits all dogs and is a gentle way to ensure that your Scot does not have accidents in the house or get into things he shouldn’t. A crate is also a place where he can retreat to for a nap. Crate training at a young age will help your Scotsman accept confinement if he ever needs to be moved or hospitalized.

Never mistreat or hit your Scottie as they are very sensitive dogs.

How to train a Scottie Terrier?

Training your dog is challenging, but when it comes to the Scottish Terrier, it can be an even more difficult task. This is a stubborn and susceptible dog so you must be patient and careful in its training. In this breed, more than others, it is advisable to start training from puppyhood. Here are some basic tips for the education of your Terrier:

Adapt him to his daily routines such as: mealtime, time for walks, playtime, bath time, etc… For that you must prepare well the space of the house where your dog will live. The place must have a food dish and water at all times, as well as a comfortable bed. It must be a dry and clean place where he can take refuge in case he needs it.

Teach your dog to respect you. Let him know with phrases like “No” or “Ah Ah” when he is doing something wrong. Never mistreat or yell at him, as they are susceptible dogs that may withdraw or feel intimidated.

Get your dog used to interact with other people by exposing him little by little to this type of situations. The same with other animals.

Always use positive reinforcement in your dog’s education. Reward his good deeds or obedience with a treat that he likes. It can be either food or just a few words of praise.

How to feed a Scottish Terrier dog?

If your Terrier is a puppy it will require 3 or 4 meals a day. After six months of age you should feed him 2 meals a day. The amount of each meal will depend on its size and weight as well as the amount of physical exercise it is subjected to.

What type of food is suitable for my Terrier?

Scottish Terriers require foods rich in protein, carbohydrates, fatty acids, calcium and vitamins. They are usually fed either high-end dog food or a compound feed based on raw meat, pasta, rice and vegetables.

They can also be fed homemade food based on meat, vegetables and fish.

Other industrial type foods are common in the Terrier’s diet, such as kibble for dogs.

In any case, it is important to achieve an adequate balance in your dog’s diet, containing the necessary nutrients. On the other hand, you must be careful not to exceed the appropriate doses to avoid overweight problems in the animal.