The Doberman breed has its origins in Europe, more specifically in the region of Thuringia, Germany, so it can be said that the original Doberman is a European dog. Its creation occurred in the second half of the 19th century, when the tax collector Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann set himself the task of creating a guard dog breed superior to the existing ones.

The breed first gained official recognition in the first decade of the 1900s by the German Kennel Club. The nucleus of what is now considered the Doberman breed standard was obtained around 1986 with the production of several dogs such as the famous Lux or Landgraf and Schnupp. Those dogs were not as similar to the ones we know today, however, their physiognomy was more similar to the current European Doberman, as they had a more robust build, larger bones and a heavier body.

It was not until the early 1900s that the breed was first introduced in the United States. The first registration of the Doberman with the American Kennel Club (AKC) occurred in 1908. Later, in 1921, the Doberman Pinscher Club of America (DPCA) was founded.

Photos of the European Doberman

European Doberman
European Doberman


The European Doberman has a squarer head and wider muzzle and jaws than its American counterpart. Its chest is broader and more muscular. Its legs are coarser and its body is heavier and more robust. Its neck is shorter and thicker. Its eyes are of a darker, more intense shade.


Working Dogs


Males are 27 to 28 inches from the ground to the back. Females are 25 to 27 inches.


Males range from 88 to 99 lbs. Females weigh between 71 and 77 lb.

Life Expectancy

10 to 13 years old

What colors can the European Doberman have?

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognizes the following as standard colors for the European Doberman:

Black and yellow (rust)

Red (or brown) and yellow

The European Doberman is characterized by yellowish patches in its coat over the eyes, on the muzzle, throat, chest, legs, paws and just below the tail.

Temperament of the European Doberman

The European Doberman is a vigorous, strong and temperamental dog. For that reason it needs a dominant owner, who knows how to make it clear to the dog who is in charge. This of course does not mean abusing the animal or mistreating it, but being firm in command and teaching it from puppyhood to obey. It is usually very faithful to its owner. It reacts in a more energetic and determined way in dangerous situations than its American counterpart, the same when facing unknown or chaotic environments. Nevertheless, it is a generally affectionate dog with the family. It is an excellent watchdog that thanks to its physical conditions and intelligence is usually used more as a working dog, unlike its American counterpart that is more appropriate for show events or as a companion dog. The European Doberman is widely used in the police forces and in the military, in rescue and rescue work, in the fight against drug trafficking, etc.

Relevant health aspects

The European Doberman is less prone to genetic diseases than its American counterpart. It is a very strong and hardy dog, however, as a Doberman in the end, it is prone to breed-specific diseases. Among these are

Hip dysplasia

Dilated cardiomyopathy.

Chronic active hepatitis

Von Willebrand’s disease

Hypothyroidism and osteosarcoma

The best way to prevent your dog from suffering from any of these diseases is to prevent them. First make sure you get a puppy from a certified breeder with experience in handling the breed. Be concerned about the health of its parents. Ask for health certifications, routine exam results, vaccination certifications, etc.

Once you have your dog, try to guarantee him a healthy life. Guarantee him a clean and dry space, with water at all times and a comfortable bed. Provide him with a balanced diet and exercise him every day. Keep your dog’s vaccination schedule up to date and take him to the veterinarian in case of any alarming symptoms.

What is the price of the European Doberman?

The price of a European Doberman puppy is generally higher than that of an American Doberman puppy. While the average price of an American Doberman ranges from $1500 to $2500 in the United States, the price of the European Doberman in the United States ranges from $2500 to $3000, as they are less common.

However, if they are purchased in Europe their price can decrease significantly, ranging from $500 to $2000 dollars, especially in countries such as Russia and Ukraine.

In Latin America the prices oscillate in a similar range to the European ones.

In any case you should make sure to buy your dog from a reputable kennel, or from a breeder with experience in handling the breed, so that you can guarantee the legitimacy of your puppy.

Buying your dog online is a fashionable option. It offers many advantages since you can locate numerous stores, shelters or breeders in a moment, compare and evaluate the photos of the puppies, see their characteristics and file, however, it has its disadvantages as well. In many cases it will not be feasible to physically see the dog and evaluate it in person. Buying your puppy in a faraway place would imply a trip that could be traumatic for the animal.

Why choose a European Doberman?

The European Doberman is a loving dog, that well educated can interact perfectly with all members of the family, including children and the elderly. However, keep in mind that it is a strong and temperamental dog. If what you want is a show animal, the most appropriate is the American Doberman, but if what you want is a faithful dog, that will serve you as a guardian or a dog that will guarantee your safety, then the best is undoubtedly a European Doberman.

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