As a first approximation we could say that the American Doberman is a dog of athletic build, slender and elegant, so it is a show dog. It is a family dog, suitable to be adopted as a family pet.

The European Doberman, on the other hand, has a more robust constitution. It is a strong and muscular dog, with great drive and strong temperament, more suitable as a working dog.

Comparison of the European Doberman and the American Doberman

American Doberman

Physique: The American Doberman has a leaner body, with more sinewy muscles (with less body fat). His bones are thinner.

  • Head: The head is thinner, with a thinner muzzle and jaw.
  • Eyes: Brown color
  • Neck: Longer and thinner.
  • Chest: Smaller and narrower
  • Body: Long and slender
  • Paws: Thinner and sinewy, with more refined toes.
  • Photos of the American Doberman

Photos of the American Doberman

doberman lying in a garden
doberman brown or carmelite
doberman dog in the snow

Photos of the European Doberman

chocolate doberman dog
european dobermann

Temperament of the American Doberman

It is a loyal and affectionate dog with family members. Very sensitive to human emotions. It shares the environment with the family comfortably. It is an attentive dog. It requires less exercise than its European counterpart. In his education he responds well to positive reinforcement and is more sensitive to physical correction. He may need reassurance in a new or unusual environment. If he senses that something threatens a family member, he may react with barking or intervene directly in the situation. May occasionally withdraw.

European Doberman

Physique: More robust and stocky. Strong bones and compact muscles.

  • Head: Wider head as well as muzzle and jaw.
  • Eyes: Brown color.
  • Neck: Shorter and thicker.
  • Chest: Broader and longer.
  • Body: Compact and muscular
  • Paws: More robust and muscular with coarser toes.

Temperament of the European Doberman

It is a loyal and affectionate dog with its owner. It is very protective, ready to intervene when necessary in defense of its owner. It is also susceptible to human emotions. Like his American counterpart, he shares space well with the family, although he is somewhat more territorial. He requires a lot of exercise and is hardy, which is why he is best suited for work. In his education he requires strong direction. He is less sensitive to physical correction. He is more self-confident when exposed to new or unusual environments. When his family is threatened, he may react with barking and physical intervention. He rarely retreats.

Color Differences between the European and American Dobermans

The color differences between the two types of Dobermans are not so noticeable to the naked eye. Roughly speaking, it could be said that the European Dobermans have a tendency to darker shades in their coat and skin than the American version. Although you will find both types with any of the common colors of the breed, not all colors are accepted as legitimate in the breed standards by their respective kennel clubs.

Accepted colors of the American Doberman

The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes the following as standard colors for the breed:

  • Black and yellow (rust)
  • Red and yellow
  • Blue and yellow
  • Fawn and yellow

The American Doberman is characterized by brighter and more distinct yellowish markings than its European counterpart. These are located above the eyes, on the muzzle, throat and chest. They are also on the legs and under the tail. In the American Doberman, a small white spot on the chest is acceptable, which the European Doberman does not have.

Colors of the European Doberman

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) only recognizes the following colors as breed standard for the European Doberman:

  • Black and yellow (rust).
  • Red (or brown) and yellow

The European Doberman is characterized by yellow (rust) markings in its coat in the following areas: above each eye, on the muzzle, throat, chest, legs, paws and just below the tail. These markings are darker than those of their American counterparts.

In the case of the eyes, European Dobermans have a darker shade than American Dobermans.

Physical differences

American Doberman Pinscher

The American Doberman Pinscher is an elegant dog, which is intended more as a show dog. It is a longer and leaner dog, with well defined and sinewy muscles. Its legs are long and slender. Its head is wedge-shaped, elongated and more pointed than its European counterpart. The muzzle is also long, slender and has a sharper tip.

  • Height: Males are 26 to 28 inches from ground to back. Females are 24 to 26 inches from ground to back.
  • Weight: Males weigh between 75 and 100 pounds, while females weigh between 60 and 90 pounds.

The American Doberman Pinscher has a longer and slimmer neck than its European counterpart.

European Dobermann

The European Dobermann is a larger dog, which was developed as a working dog. In general it is a larger and heavier dog with a thicker bone structure. The dog is more compact and not as long as the American. Its legs are thick and muscular and its head is block-shaped, thicker than its American counterpart. Its muzzle is thicker, as is its jaw.

  • Height: Males are 27 to 28 inches from ground to back and females are 25 to 27 inches from ground to back.
  • Weight: Males weigh between 88 and 99 Lb, while females weigh between 71 and 77 Lb.

The neck of the European Dobermann is thicker, shorter and protrudes from the shoulders with a less noticeable upward arch.

Differences in temperament

Both types of Dobermans derive from the same pedigree, so there are many similarities. They are very intelligent dogs, protective of their owners, familiar and affectionate. Their most obvious differences are related to their physique, however, they also have subtle differences in temperament.

American Doberman Pinscher Temperament

The American Doberman has a more even-tempered, less impulsive nature than its European counterpart. It makes an excellent family dog, protective and guardian. The American-type Doberman feels better sharing his space with family members and is often seen lounging on the furniture in the house. It is a dog more attached to its owner. The recommended training method for this type of dog is positive reinforcement, as they are susceptible dogs, who may shrink back from punishment. They are considered more sensitive to human emotions than their European counterparts. They are cautious and shy in unfamiliar surroundings.

They will bark and will probably intervene if they feel a family member is threatened, although they may occasionally withdraw. It is a dog more suitable for beginners in handling with this breed than the European.

Temperament of the European Doberman

The European Doberman is also a family dog, very attached to its owner, however, it tends to be drier and rougher, less sensitive to human emotions. All this makes it a dog more suitable for work than as a companion or family dog. It is a determined and impulsive dog. It requires a lot of physical activity. Although he also shares space with the family, he is a little more wary than his American counterpart.

The European Dobermann generally needs an owner who lets him know who is in charge, who is strict and direct in his command. They are more stubborn and more assertive dogs, who adapt better to different or chaotic environments, such as disaster situations.

They may react violently if their family is threatened, more forcefully than their American counterpart. They are less likely to retreat in such a situation.

Health differences between American and European Dobermans

There are actually no substantial differences in the propensity for disease in the two types of Dobermans. European Dobermans are thought to be less susceptible to genetic diseases than American Dobermans, however, as Dobermans after all, both classes are prone to breed-specific diseases.

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